How To Stir The Wind Of Eating And Drinking And Compose A Healthy Song
How To Stir The Wind Of Eating And Drinking And Compose A Healthy Song
How To Stir The Wind Of Eating And Drinking And Compose A Healthy Song Sugarbeet is native to Europe and has great variation. It can be divided into several subspecies, varieties and forms. Red cabbage head, also known as "red beet", also known as red root beet, is a variety of beet. It uses fat fleshy roots for vegetables. The fleshy root of red cabbage head is spherical, oval, oblate, spindle-shaped and other shapes. Because it contains natural betaine, its root skin and root flesh are purplish red, and several layers of beautiful purple rings can be seen on the cross section. Its meat is crisp and tender, slightly sweet, rich in a variety of minerals, amino acids required by human body, and high nutritional value. It also has a wide range of medicinal value, such as the prevention and treatment of blood diseases, liver diseases, immune system dysfunction and anti-infection, which has a good effect and enjoys the reputation of "the root of life". As early as 2003, beetroot was selected by the World Health Organization as one of the 13 best vegetables for people's daily consumption. It showed that beetroot has the effects of reducing fever, strengthening the defense function of lymphatic tissue, hematopoiesis and promoting cell regeneration. Therefore, beetroot as a "functional food" has attracted widespread attention. Nutritional and health value of beet root According to the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) international nutrition data statistics, 100g of beetroot contains 87.58g of water, 9.56g of carbohydrate, 2.8 g of dietary fiber, 1.61g of protein, 0.17g of lipid, 1.08g of ash, and also contains rich vitamins and minerals, such as vitamin A, C, P, U, vitamin B group (B1, B2, B3, B5, B9), as well as calcium, magnesium, iron, sodium and other trace elements. In addition to its nutritional value, beetroot also contains functional components such as carotenoids, phenolic acids, flavonoids and other compounds, typical of which are betaine, betaine, and saponins. A large number of studies have shown that beetroot, as a healthy vegetable and fruit, has physiological effects such as antioxidation, anti-tumor, bacteriostasis, anti-fatigue, relieving hypertension, and enhancing cognition. Beet root "whole" extract - beet juice Beet juice is extracted from beet root, which contains all the nutrients of beet root, so it can be called "whole" extract of beet root. Beet juice can be used not only as a food ingredient, but also as a drink directly, and also as a nutritional supplement for sports lovers. Main functions of beet juice enhance sports performance A randomized crossover study published in Sports Medicine in 2011 evaluated the role of dietary nitrate supplementation in enhancing sports performance in simulated competitions (such as cycling). In this study, cyclists were asked to drink 500 ml of beetroot juice (containing 6.2 mmol nitrate) or 500 ml of placebo, both 2.5 hours before completing the 4 km and 16.1 km timed cycling race. The results showed that beetroot juice significantly improved the average power output of the competitors in the 4 km and 16.1 km timed cycling race. The results showed that acute supplementation of dietary nitrate with beetroot juice might improve sports performance in simulated competitions. Vascular Defender A study published in the journal Hypertension of the American Heart Association showed that beetroot is rich in nitrate, which is about 20 times more than that of ordinary vegetables. Nitrate can help to increase the concentration of nitric oxide gas in the blood, thus helping to relax smooth muscle, relax blood vessels, relieve vascular sclerosis, and promote blood circulation. Research suggests drinking a cup of 250ml beetroot juice or eating one or two cooked beetroot (about 100g) every day. So far, it has been found that the most effective natural method can effectively reduce blood pressure and reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease. Antioxidant expert Beet red pigment (also known as anthocyanin, belonging to natural plant pigment) in beet root is a strong antioxidant. Antioxidants can not only slow down cell oxidation and delay aging, but also have been proved to be natural enemies of many chronic inflammation. The BBC News once reported that drinking 500 ml of beetroot juice every day can help increase physical strength by up to 16%, help restore the human immune system and reduce the risk of chronic inflammation. Gastrointestinal scavenger Beet root contains a large amount of cellulose and pectin, which can strengthen gastrointestinal peristalsis, promote intestinal digestion, and help prevent constipation. About 100 grams of beetroot (2 to 3) can supplement 10% of the fiber required by the human body every day. Betaine can maintain the acid-base neutralization of the stomach. Prevent and delay Alzheimer's disease· A study from WakeForest University in the United States showed that nitrate in beetroot can help fight dementia. Nitric oxide produced by nitrate in blood can promote blood flow to the brain, effectively improve blood circulation of the brain, help stimulate cognitive ability, and prevent the occurrence of dementia in the elderly. At the same time, the rich folic acid in beetroot also plays a role in Alzheimer's disease. Improve exercise endurance and blood pressure Scientists from the Baptist Medical Center of Wake Forest University also found that taking beet juice every day can significantly improve the exercise endurance and blood pressure of elderly patients with normal heart failure (HFPEF) who have ejection fraction (the percentage of stroke output in the end diastolic volume of the ventricle, the normal value is 50-70%). It is also beneficial to control blood pressure, blood vessel health, exercise ability and oxygen metabolism. Research suggests that adding half a liter of beet juice to the diet every day can improve exercise performance and exercise duration. Cell protection regulator - betaine Betaine is a compound that widely exists in nature (such as animals, plants and microorganisms), but mainly exists in the molasses of beet sugar. European scientists extracted this compound from beet for the first time, so it is called betaine. Betaine, also known as trimethylamine lactone or betaine, is a kind of quaternary amine water-soluble alkaloid, which is white scale or prismatic crystal or white powder at normal temperature, has high biocompatibility, is extremely soluble in water, has hygroscopicity, and generally exists in the form of crystal hydrate. After water absorption, the existence state is (CH3) 3NCH2C00 · H20. Osmotic pressure regulator Based on the cell compatibility and good water absorption of betaine, it is an important buffer in the organism - it can act as an osmotic pressure regulator, prevent the mutation of osmotic pressure in the cell, prevent the loss of water and the invasion of salt. When the body cells are in high salt, low water, and extreme temperature conditions, betaine can alleviate and eliminate a series of adverse effects such as DNA replication, protein synthesis, and cell proliferation rate decline, and help enhance the expression of carrier gene under hypertonic conditions. The addition of carrier can promote the transfer of betaine into cells while transferring inorganic salt, without damaging the fine Function and structure of cell. Enzyme, cell stabilizer In addition, betaine also has the function of stabilizing enzyme activity and biological macromolecules. By maintaining the ion balance in the cell, it can reduce the levels of blood glucose, uric acid and triglyceride in varying degrees, and also help to reduce the level of nitrogen dioxide in the blood. Or In order to improve the permeability of cell membrane and reduce the content of creatine kinase and glutathione aminotransferase in the body during stress. Methyl donor Betaine is also an important methyl donor, providing methyl for intracellular signal pathway, participating in the methionine cycle of liver and kidney in human or livestock, as well as the normal metabolism of fat, protein, amino acid, etc. Methyl is an indispensable substance for the metabolism of substances in the body, but it cannot be synthesized in the body and needs to be supplied by exogenous substances. Once it is deficient, it will lead to hypomethylation in many important ways, such as the disorder of methionine cycle, the increase of homocysteine concentration and the decrease of S. adenosylmethionine concentration; If liver fat metabolism is insufficient, fatty liver and abnormal plasma lipids will occur. Betaine can also participate in the methylation reaction in organisms, so it can be used as a substitute for other methyl donors, such as methionine and choline, to save the consumption of methionine in the body. Betaine, as an excellent methyl donor and osmotic regulator, is of great significance to human health. More and more studies have found that betaine can help reduce the level of thiobutyric acid in the blood. Mercaptobutyrine is a highly toxic metabolite, which can promote the formation of platelet clots and atherosclerotic platelets, which is very harmful to vascular health. However, thiobutyric acid in blood vessels may also lead to coronary heart disease, stroke and peripheral vascular diseases. In addition, betaine has great application potential in preventing and treating liver diseases, lowering blood pressure, fighting peptic ulcer and gastric dysfunction, which provides valuable basis for betaine to be used in clinical treatment and improve bioavailability. Beet red, betaine, natural food additive Beet root is not a common vegetable in China. In order to meet the needs of catering buyers, there are indeed a small number of retailers or dealers selling beetroot, but in general, it is still very rare. In China, beetred and betaine from natural sources are allowed to be used as food additives, and they are used appropriately according to production needs. In the future, food and beverage will become an application potential stock According to the use of products, the betaine market can be divided into food and beverage, detergent, animal feed, cosmetics, personal care and others (drugs and reagents). The increase of personal health awareness and the popularity of betaine application in nursing products will hopefully promote the development of this market. From the current trend, the betaine market has grown significantly in the past few years. The Asia-Pacific region has the largest demand for surfactants, followed by Europe and the Americas. Betaine in the United States is mainly used in personal care products and detergent products. Taking the food industry as an example, betaine is widely used in the food industry because its nutritional function can be used in health care products to prevent heart disease and liver disease. It is also considered as an anti-stress agent, and research has found that it can improve sports performance. With the increasing popularity of energy drinks and sports drinks using this compound, the market scope has been further expanded. In addition, the development of energy drinks and sports drinks will promote the development of betaine market. In recent years, the application of betaine in dietary supplements has increased. Many manufacturers are adding betaine to their product formulations, mainly focusing on sports and energy supplements, especially in developed countries. At present, many dietary supplements on the market contain betaine extract (betaine), whose main function is to increase exercise performance, because research has found that betaine can effectively help muscles have stronger endurance and exercise performance in training. Mainly in the feed industry, betaine is an important methyl donor to promote animal metabolism. As an efficient feed additive, the amount added in the feed is about 0.1%, which is such a product with a small amount of addition. The market potential in the future cannot be underestimated. Like the developed countries in Europe and the United States, China's aquaculture industry is currently emerging "anti-resistant breeding", advocating natural, green and healthy feed additives. It is reported that China's betaine production capacity cannot meet 30% of China's demand for pig and poultry feed. The unique nutritional and physiological regulation functions of betaine will help it shine brilliantly in the application of healthy breeding. Taking personal care products as an example, betaine has the functions of water retention and moisturizing, anti-allergy and reducing skin irritation. The betaine added in the products can reduce the skin irritation of surfactants. At the same time, betaine is weakly acidic in aqueous solution, which can significantly improve the skin irritation and reduce the occurrence of anaphylaxis caused by the low PH value of the fruit acid skin care anti-aging product. As a mild surfactant, betaine has less irritation to eyes and skin. Therefore, many manufacturers use betaine as emulsifier, surfactant and antistatic agent in shampoo and cosmetics. The fastest growth rate of emerging economies By region, the global betaine market is mainly divided into North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific and the rest of the world (ROW). North America has a major market share, mainly due to people's increasing awareness of the nutritional value of betaine, followed by Europe. Due to the increase of research and product development activities in the region, the European betaine market has seen significant growth in the pharmaceutical field. In addition, regulatory authorities approved the use of betaine in animal feed and food and beverage industries, which promoted the growth of the European betaine market. The development of betaine in the Asia-Pacific market is mainly due to the growing awareness of its health benefits among consumers in the region. The growing demand for functional and nutritious foods in emerging markets such as Asia-Pacific and Latin America is expected to bring potential for the growth of this market In the opportunity. In addition, the growth of feed application industry has also promoted the growth of markets in these regions. In emerging economies such as China and India, the large-scale growth of animal husbandry has led to an increase in feed consumption, which in turn has led to an increase in betaine consumption.
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